The great fourth-century heresy (q.v.), originated by Arius, a presbyter in the church of Alexandria (q.v.). Arius postulated that Christ was created by God from nothing, from which he reasoned that the Son is not co-equal and co-eternal with the Father, but is subordinate to God, and a changeable creature. First condemned by Arius's bishop Alexander (qq.v.), it was also condemned in 325 at the Council of Nicaea (q.v.), where Alexander's deacon Athanasios (q.v.) led the opposition to Arius. The council rejected the view that Christ was homoiousios, "of like substance" with the Father, in favor of the word homoousios (a term first conceived of by Origin [q.v.]), "of the same substance" with the Father, implying full equality. Arianism continued to be a potent force, in part because the emperor Constantine I (q.v.) reversed his position and recalled Arius in 328. The emperor was baptized by an Arian bishop on his death-bed. His son Constantius II (q.v.) was an Arian, so Arianism received state support during his reign (337-361). The failure of the local Council of Serdica (q.v.) in ca. 343 to find a solution to the Arian controversy demonstrated how intractable the problem had become. The emperor Valens (364-378) (q.v.) was the last Arian emperor. After his death, Theodosius I (q.v.), a fervent supporter of the Nicene Creed, used the Council of Constantinople (q.v.) to condemn Arianism yet again (in 381). Thus, Arianism further intertwined church-state relations, and it compelled the church to define its most fundamental theology (q.v.).

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  • Arianism — is the theological teaching of Arius (c. AD 250 336), who was ruled a heretic by the Christian church at the Council of Nicea.Arius lived and taught in Alexandria, Egypt, in the early 4th century. The most controversial of his teachings dealt… …   Wikipedia

  • Arianism — • Founded by Arius, belief asserting that Christ was not God like the Father, but a creature made in time. Rejected by the Council of Constantinople (381) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Arianism     Arianism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • arianism — ARIANÍSM s.n. Doctrină creştină formulată de preotul Arie, care nega natura divină a lui Cristos. [pr.: ri a ] – Din fr. arianisme. Trimis de romac, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  ARIANÍSM s. (înv.) arienie. (Doctrina arianismului a fost declarată… …   Dicționar Român

  • Arianism — A ri*an*ism, n. The doctrines of the Arians. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arianism — (n.) c.1600, from ARIAN (Cf. Arian) + ISM (Cf. ism) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Arianism — [er′ē ən iz΄əm, ar′ē ən iz΄əm] n. the doctrines of Arius, who taught that Jesus was not of the same substance as God, but a created being exalted above all other creatures …   English World dictionary

  • Arianism —    Religious heresy associated with the Alexandrian presbyter Arius (c. 260 336). Arianism offered a concept of the relationship between God the Father and God the Son different from that of the Catholic tradition in the late Roman and early… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Arianism — Arianistic, Arianistical, adj. /air ee euh niz euhm, ar /, n. Theol. the doctrine, taught by Arius, that Christ the Son was not consubstantial with God the Father. [1590 1600; ARIAN + ISM] * * * Christian heresy that declared that Christ is not… …   Universalium

  • ARIANISM —    CHRISTIANITY S most troublesome schism named after its principle exponent ARIUS who was a thorough going Greek RATIONALIST who inherited the almost universally held LOGOS CHRISTOLOGY of the Eastern Roman Empire. He contended that GOD was… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Arianism — ♦ View defended by Arius, a fourth century priest in Alexandria, that Jesus was not the same as God, but was the greatest of all creatures; Arianism was the version of Christianity held by important Germanic kingdoms, including the Visigoths and… …   Medieval glossary

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